A WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) is a spatially distributed sensor, that is used to monitor the physical conditions as well as environmental conditions such as sound, temperature, the pressure to pass their information through the network to the main place. The present networks are bi-directional, also permitting control of sensor activity. The development of these n/w’s is inspired by military applications. The applications of wireless sensor networks mainly involve in consumer and industrial such as health monitoring of a machine, control, and monitoring of the industrial process and wireless sensor networks projects. The WSN is made with hundreds and thousands of nodes, where each node is connected with single or multiple sensors. Each node includes various parts like a radio transceiver with an antenna, an electronic circuite, a microcontroller, and an energy source. This article list outs Wireless Sensor Network Projects for engineering students.
Wireless Sensor Network Projects for Engineering Students
The project work offers several opportunities for engineering students to learn important things and improve practical knowledge. Anyone aspiring to become a full-fledged engineer must require additional knowledge along with the subject knowledge.
So, an engineering student must obtain more practical knowledge through a pragmatic learning approach by means of PROJECT WORKs such as electronics projects. Thus, this article discusses some new wireless sensor networks projects and communication projects for final year engineering students in 2014- 2015.
Wireless sensor network projects include wireless sensor networks applications such as wireless SCADA, Zigbee home automation, transformer health monitoring system, and so on.
Wireless Network based Wireless SCADA
It is not possible to achieve manual control over multiple continuous processes going on in industries. The proposed system is designed to achieve and control the multiple processes in large scale industries remotely by supervision. The SCADA is one of the great technologies in basic electronic project which is used to monitor the remote area without human interference.
In this project, using four temperature sensors formed as wireless sensor networks projects, which are located in various places. If sensor temperature increases at the set point of the GUI, then the relay is made to switch ON and OFF the heater (a lamp load) to maintain the set temperature. In a SCADA system, different types of sensors can be used for multiple control systems
XBEE Based Remote Monitoring System
This is a simple mini project for ECE students that is designed to protect the transformer by monitoring the parameters of a generator/ transformer such as current, voltage, and temperature through the sensing devices like a current transformer, temperature sensor, and potential transformer, respectively; and, to monitor them from a remote location using Zigbee wireless communication.
Three sensors are fixed at the transmitter end to form wireless sensor network projects with a certain range of each parameter. If these parameters exceed at the fixed limits, then the transmitter sends a signal to the receiving end by the XBEE transceiver. To switch a warning load using a relay and alerts the user through a voice module.
XBEE Based Remote Monitoring of 3 Parameters on Transformer / Generator Health
This system is used to obtain the parameters like voltage, current, the temperature of a distribution transformer through the measuring devices or sensors network such as temperature sensor, potential and current transformers to transfer those values to a remote location through zigbee .
This is a wireless sensor networks project where the sensor network is fixed at the transmitter end with a certain range of each parameter. If these parameters exceed the fixed limits, then the transmitter sends a signal to the receiving end using the XBEE transceiver. To switch the load by the relay and displays the message on the LCD.
It is a very tedious method. In this proposed system transmitting module continuously reads the patient’s body temperature through a digital temperature sensor, displays it on the LCD screen, and sends it to the microcontroller which transmits the encoded serial data over the air by RF (radio frequency) through an RF module.
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