Electronic component necessary to support your circuits and avoid short-circuits, or ‘blasts’. Since every circuit has different requirements, the components must be wisely chosen.
Integrated Circuits (ICs) are of many types and variants. ICs would be able to take up specific functions it’s designed for, and many of them can be combined to do a particular task. Examples include 555 Timer, Mux Demux ICs, LM324 Op Amps, etc
Resistors are added in circuits to prevent uncontrollable flow of current and protect components/devices from damage. The resistance limits the flow of electrons through a circuit. Resistor values can be determined based on the colour bands, measured in ohms, and each circuit would require a particular value of resistor to function properly.
A capacitor is a device that stores electrical energy in an electric field. It is a passive electronic component with two terminals. It can store up energy and acts like mini batteries. Capacitors also have the ability to block DC current while allowing AC current. They come in two types, ceramic and electrolytic. One must choose their capacitor based on values, measured in farads, as per circuit requirements.
An inductor, also called a coil, choke, or reactor, is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores energy in a magnetic field when electric current flows through it. An inductor typically consists of an insulated wire wound into a coil around a core. Inductors are widely used in alternating current (AC) electronic equipment, particularly in radio equipment. They are used to block AC while allowing DC to pass.
A diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts current primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other. The primary function of a diode is to allow current, whether AC or DC, to pass in one direction and prevent current flow from the other direction. This is useful in applications where a back EMF is expected.
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