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Difference between Series and Parallel Circuits | What are they Completely?

Chapter 5 Series And Parallel Circuits

Let’s explore the differences between series and parallel circuits, and understand each concept more comprehensively:

Series Circuit:

  1. Definition:

    • A series circuit is a circuit arrangement where components are connected end-to-end, forming a single pathway for the current.
  2. Current Flow:

    • The same current flows through all components in a series circuit.
  3. Voltage Distribution:

    • The total voltage of the circuit is the sum of the individual voltages across each component.
  4. Resistance:

    • The total resistance in a series circuit is the sum of the individual resistances.
  5. Brightness (for bulbs or LEDs):

    • Bulbs or LEDs in a series circuit share the same current, so if one goes out, they all go out.
  6. Advantages:

    • Simple construction.
    • Easy to analyze and calculate.
  7. Disadvantages:

    • If one component fails, the entire circuit is affected.

Parallel Circuit:

  1. Definition:

    • A parallel circuit is a circuit arrangement where components are connected in multiple pathways, providing separate paths for the current.
  2. Current Flow:

    • Current is divided among the branches, and each component has its own current.
  3. Voltage Distribution:

    • All components in a parallel circuit have the same voltage across them.
  4. Resistance:

    • The reciprocal of the total resistance in a parallel circuit is equal to the sum of the reciprocals of the individual resistances.
  5. Brightness (for bulbs or LEDs):

    • Bulbs or LEDs in parallel circuits have the same voltage, so if one goes out, the others remain lit.
  6. Advantages:

    • If one component fails, the others remain unaffected.
    • Independent operation of components.
  7. Disadvantages:

    • More complex than series circuits.

Conclusion:

  • Series Circuit: Components are connected end-to-end, and the same current flows through all of them.

  • Parallel Circuit: Components are connected in multiple paths, and the current is divided among them.

Understanding series and parallel circuits is crucial for designing and analyzing electronic circuits, and it forms the foundation for more complex circuit configurations.

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